Tuesday, January 21, 2020

European Economic and Monetary Union Essay -- essays papers

European Economic and Monetary Union The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is a single currency area within the European Union in which people, goods, services and capital move without restriction (Europa Quest (1), 2001). Imperative to the success of the EMU is the implementation of a single European currency, the Euro, and the application of specific macro-economic policies by the EMU member states (Harris, 1999: 78). Moreover, it is the foreseeable intent of European governments to create a framework for stability, peace and prosperity through the promotion of structural change and regional development (JP Morgan, 2001). This essay will endeavor to highlight the fundamental gains likely to be accrued by the European business community as a result of EMU policy provisions. The developments and circumstances preceding the EMU formation will be examined to give insight into the functioning of a monetary union. Furthermore, it is essential to analyze the implications the EMU has for firms within both ‘Euroland†™ and other European nations. To establish a strong understanding of the intricacies of the EMU, it is essential to discuss both the antecedents and major developments in this monetary union. The origins of the EMU can be traced to the formation of the European Coal and Steel community (ECSC) in the early 1950s, which was the first attempt to harness European economic unity to achieve greater international competitiveness (Per Jacobson, 1999) (Duisenberg, 1998). The success of this venture prompted the foreign ministers of six ECSC nations to examine the possibility of further economic integration (Chulalongkorn University, 1999). Hence, in 1957 one the most significant agreements in European economics history, The Treaty of Rome, was signed. The Treaty of Rome’s fundamental goal was to provide for the creation of a common market (Kenwood & Lougheed, 1999:280). The most significant aspect of this treaty was the commitment made by such countries as Belgium, France, West Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Luxembourg to facilitate the free movement of goods, services and factors of production. Essentially, these European governments sought to eliminate internal trade barriers, create common external tariffs and harmonies member states laws and regulations (Hill, 2001: 233). This movement towards a common European market continued with relative success ... ...gheed, 1999. The Growth of the International Economy: 1820-2000. Routledge Press: London. ï‚ · Martin, Peter, 1997. EMU’s New Horizon. www.stern.nyu.edu/nroubini/EMU/. Visited Mach 2001. ï‚ · Preston Robert, 1997. Note of Confusion on Single Currency. www.princetoneconomics.com. Visited April 2001. ï‚ · Princeton Economics, 1998. Country Analysis: United Kingdom. www.princetoneconomics.com . Visted April 2001. ï‚ · Roubini, Nouriel, 1997. Notes on Europe, the Euro and EMU. www.stern.nyu.edu/nroubini/EMU . Visited April 2001. ï‚ · Salmon, Pierre, 2000. Decentralisation and Supernationality: The Case of the EU. www.imf.org. Visited April 2001. ï‚ · Salvatore, Dominick, 1998. International Economics (Sixth Edition). Prentice Hall: New Jersey. ï‚ · Solomon, Robert, 1999. International Effects of the Euro. www.brook.edu/comm/policybriefs/ . Visited March 2001. ï‚ · Soltwedel, Rudiger, Dohse Dirk & Krieger-Boden, Christianne. 2000. European Labour Markets and the EMU Challenges Ahead. www.imf.org . Visited April 2001. ï‚ · Tett, Gillian, 1996. The Single Currency: Everything you wanted to know? . www.stern.nyu.edu/nroubini/EMU . Visited April 2001.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Formal Writing †Students should have complete freedom to choose their own courses! Essay

At the present day, the educational system of upper secondary school resembles major parts of the already established system. The system compels students to study subjects considered important by the government. I highly disagree with the current school-system because of several reasons. I support the vision of students having themselves to choose their own courses. First of all, I believe the working climate in general will be remarkably better as a result of the fact that the students most likely choose subjects they are really interested in. Thanks to that, the students will be more active and focused during lectures. They will work harder and be more prone to do their homework.They will study adequately and they will acquire knowledge more easily and knowledge will persist longer. Furthermore, when the students learn to appreciate studying, they will put more effort into studies which will result in preferable possibilities of achieving favored marks, which is satisfactory toward the students likewise their teachers. With own experience on hand, if a student is constrained to study plenty of subjects, which he or she is not even interested in, it will just make him/her feel tired and stressed. In many cases this leads to avoiding certain courses the students have no interest in, sometimes even giving up on school. Secondly, since it is only the students who know what they are really good at, it seems fair that they should be given more freedom to choose their own courses. In fact it is very important for the students to choose their own subjects without reserve because they are the only ones who know what they are interested in, what they prefer and what they need. That is the main reason why they will pay more attention to the subjects which they are concerned about, they will work more by themselves and search for necessary information that relates to the course and potential future job. On the other hand, I understand that some people believe schools should push the students to study for all-round development. The students can discover their interest through different subjects and also realise their full capabilities in areas they would never even come to think of. Of course, there would still be some negative side-effects of selecting courses freely, like in cases when teachers are known to give good grades for less challenging courses. On the contrary, there is always a different side and I find it essential for the school to guide the students among the most fundamental subjects. In conclusion, I find it important that students in upper secondary school should have the opportunity to choose their own courses. The students are sufficiently mature to know what is best for themselves, if they obtain a limited assistance with selecting subjects and planning, they will have only good in return. Teachers should of course be strict and put some pressure on the students so they eventually start studying when they are supposed to. Obviously it is important to be all-round tutored for the future but I would say that it is better to concern about things that is going to be really useful in the future instead of learning about useless subjects. The question is: Would it not be better if all students in upper secondary school and above had the complete freedom to choose their own subjects?

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Swot Analysis A Swot - 775 Words

SWOT Analysis A SWOT Analysis grants an institution and individuals to consider strengths and weakness, as well as opportunities and threats. With a concise picture of the overall health system, strategic plans can be created and implemented to enhance and improve growth and outcomes. Strengths The CSH in New Brunswick has many strengths that keep the program durable and efficient as possible. The CSH is the oldest children’s specialized hospital in the state of New Jersey. For over 125 years the CSH organization has been providing quality care to children in need economically and medically. As time went on the organization was able to adapt to the needs of their new clients. A second strength of the CSH is the team of†¦show more content†¦Our non-profit organization does not have guaranteed funding to support programs. If adequate financing is not met programs are at the risk of being cut. Limited program resources does not help entice potential clients to join the programs an organization has to offer. Thirdly, working with clients with stigmatizing childhood disorders or medical conditions may refrain from getting services. Parents may not be willing to seek services due to the stigmatization in which their child may endure if diagnosed. Even th e children referred to the CSH for evaluation purposes and who are diagnosed may not participate in early intervention or rehabilitation plans due to the lack of cooperation by the parents. Opportunities With an increase in autism diagnosis s there is a need for more specialized services in the area of ABA therapy. According to the Community Report on Autism (2016) 1 in 68 children nationwide are diagnosed with Autism. Creating opportunities for Autism awareness and more initiatives in research and outreach programs would build a larger clientele base for the CSH. Another opportunity for growth is providing weekly parent participation groups. Groups for parents could be individualized to current parents of children enrolled in the in-patient programs. Groups could be recreational and informational. The CHS already has family fun night where staff organize theme events for parents andShow MoreRelatedSwot Analysis Of Swot And Swot Analysis738 Words   |  3 Pagesknown as SWOT analysis. The SWOT analysis is business analysis method that business can use for each of its department when deciding on the most perfect way to increase their business and future growth. This procedure identifies the internal and external strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that are in the markets. SWOT analysis helps you decide your position against your competitors, identifies best future opportunities, and highlight current and future threats. SWOT analysis is an acronymRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Swot Analysis : Swot1223 Words   |  5 PagesOnStar – SWOT Analysis To help OnStar determine if home monitoring services should be added to its list of products and services, a SWOT analysis should be completed. A SWOT analysis is a situation analysis or tool used to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization (SWOT Analysis Definition | Investopedia, 2005). Thus, it is a basic straightforward model that determines what an organization, like OnStar, can and cannot do, as well as determines its opportunitiesRead MoreSwot Analysis : Swot And Swot2320 Words   |  10 PagesSWOT analysis focuses on the internal factors which are the company’s strengths and weaknesses as well as the external factors which are the opportunities and threats which are gained from situational analysis, which focuses on summarizing all the pertinent information acquired about the key three environments of internal, customer, and external (Ferrell Hartline, 2014, p. 39). A SWOT analysis further gives a company precise advantages and disadvantages in satisfying the needs of its selectedRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Swot Analysis : Swot911 Words   |  4 Pages SWOT Analysis In the article â€Å"SWOT analysis† Harmon (2015) offered a definition for SWOT analysis, the purpose of the SWOT analysis, the advantages of performing a SWOT analysis, and outlined and discussed the four components of the SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis is a planning and brainstorming tool that helps people evaluate an idea or project for a business or formulate a business plan (Harmon, 2015). It should be noted that SWOT analysis is an acronym for Strengths, Weaknesses, OpportunitiesRead MoreSwot Analysis : Swot And Swot1081 Words   |  5 PagesSWOT Analysis: A SWOT analysis (SWOT matrix) first used by Stanford Research Institute during 1960-1970 and it was presented by Mr. Albert S. Humphrey a American business and management consultant by using data from fortune 500 companies. We can succeed in our life if we use our talents to our full extent. Similarly, we‘ll have some problems if we know our weakness are, and if we manage these weaknesses so that we don’t matter in the work we do. To understand more about our self and our externalRead MoreSwot Analysis : A Swot1371 Words   |  6 Pages SWOT analysis is valuable in understanding and revising the position of the company before decisions are made about company direction or the application of a new business idea. PEST is a tool to assess external factors. It is useful to complete a PEST analysis before a SWOT, although it may be more useful to complete a PEST analysis during, or after, a SWOT. SWOT and PEST are vital in determining the success of a business. SWOT analysis is a form of situational analysis in which internal strengthsRead MoreSwot Analysis : Swot And Swot1957 Words   |  8 PagesSWOT analysis focuses on the internal factors which are the company’s strengths and weaknesses as well as the external factors which are the opportunities and threats which are gained from situational analysis which focuses on summarizing all the pertinent information acquired about the key three environments of internal, customer, and external (Ferrell Hartline, 2014, p. 39). A SWOT analysis further gives a company precise advantages and disadvantages in satisfying the needs of its selected marketsRead MoreSwot Analysis : A Swot1708 Words   |  7 Pages A SWOT analysis is â€Å"a structured planning method used to evaluate the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats involved in a project or in a business venture.†(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SWOT analysis, 03/11/14). A swot analysis can also be used to examine a person’s attributes. The strengths and weaknesses usually are internal factors whereas threats and opportunities are mainly external. Advantage Disadvantage Internal Strengths 1. Self-motivated 2. I am organised; accurate and pay attentionRead MoreSwot Analysis : A Swot852 Words   |  4 PagesStrength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, commonly known as a SWOT analysis is used by businesses. Organizations use the SWOT analysis technique to figure out and understand their areas of strong suits (strengths), their inevitable flaws (weaknesses), prospects that the organization could look into (opportunities) and things that pose as intimidations to the organization (threats). There are many obstacles to overcome when it comes to international expansion. Obstacles such as; language andRead MoreSwot Analysis : The Swot1888 Words   |  8 PagesThe SWOT analysis, a strategic planning tool was developed by Albert Humphrey in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Albert is said to have come up with this strategic planning tool through the use of data the Fortune 500 companies in the United States of America at that time (Lancaster Massingham, 2011). A SWOT analysis determine s the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, which are a relevant part of any organization especially the ones that get involved in new ventures. This tool assists the users

Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Buddhist Temple of Chicago practices one of the most...

The Buddhist Temple of Chicago practices one of the most popular sects of Buddhism in Japan called Jodo Shinsu, also known as Pure Land Buddhism (ShotÃ…  1). Instead of stressing the Eight Fold Path, as traditional Theravada Buddhists do, Pure Land Buddhists chose to interpret the teachings of the Buddha more freely (Wangu 1). Furthermore, Pure Land Buddhists seek guidance from Amitabha Buddha, a deity figure from Mahayana Buddhism (Wangu 1). As the current ruler of the Western Paradise of Sahavaki, it is believed that when Amitabha Buddha was on the verge of enlightenment, he made a vow claiming that if he attained Nirvana, he will help those who seek his name reach Nirvana as well (Wangu 1). Now, devote Pure Land Buddhists proclaim†¦show more content†¦The service began with the strike of a gong by Rev. Nakai followed by a brief moment of silent meditation. Afterwards, the Three Treasures, also known as saranagamana, were recited. The three treasure state, â€Å"I go to the Buddha for guidance. I go to Dharma for guidance. I go to the Sangha for guidance (budtempchi.org). Furthermore, these three treasures serve as a foundation of Buddhism (Irons 1). Although the Buddhist Temple of Chicago is moving towards a more radical approach to Buddhism, the temple still uses some traditional traits of Buddhism. According to the service book, the day I visited was Hatsu Mairi, which in Japanese means â€Å"first visit.† On this day, the children of temple members are welcomed to temple. So, the Dharma School children, aged from five to twelve, presented a game of Paramita Jeopardy. For myself and the rest of the congregation, our skills of knowing the Six Paramitas were put to the test. Paramita, also known as a â€Å"perfection,† include Donation, Morality, Forbearance, Effort, Concentration, and Wisdom (Edwards 1). However the concept of the Paramitas may hold two different meanings in Buddhism. In one sense they may be known as a â€Å"supre me.† However in a more interpretive approach, a Paramita may signify â€Å"the other shore† where the individual must leave the â€Å"shore of life† to reach to the â€Å"shore of Nirvana† (Edwards 1). The game was played for about fifteen minutes and ultimately my team lost byShow MoreRelatedBuddhism : Buddhism And Buddhism1009 Words   |  5 Pages Zen Buddhism isn’t exactly a â€Å"religion†, but a way of living. It creates peace within the human mind that allows one to grow, develop and look at the world more positively. Originating in China in 650 C.E., Zen Buddhism is a combination between Indian Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism. Mahayana Buddhism promotes bodhisattva, which is practicing the way of life in the direction of Buddha. Taoism is a religion developed by Lao-tzu, a Taoist philosopher, and focuses on obtaining long life and good fortuneRead MoreBuddhism, Buddhism And Buddhism1371 Words   |  6 PagesBuddhism is one of the l argest religions in the world that started in India. Later spreading to China,Burma,Japan , Tibet and other parts of southeast Asia. Buddhism is a religion that Is concentrated on spiritualism than religious teachings. Established by the buddha, one must obtain their own spiritual awakening, or nirvana through meditation. There are three main branches of Buddhism Theravada Buddhism , Mahayana Buddhism and Tantric Buddhism. About 2,500 years ago, Prince SiddharthaRead MoreBuddhism : Buddhism And Buddhism982 Words   |  4 PagesBuddhism is a philosophy that is often viewed as a religion and dates back to approximately 6th century B.C.E. Buddhism originated in the Indian subcontinent by a man known as Siddhartha Gautama. The original language of Buddhism is often debated as some scholars believe that it was first practiced in Pali while other believe it was first spoken in Sanskrit. The practice of Buddhism first spread to China in the 2nd century A.C.E and was translated to Mandarin in 3rd century A.C.E. Today, there areRead MoreRelics Of Buddhism And Buddhism847 Words   |  4 PagesRelics are thought to be present in Buddhism since the 5th Century B.C.E, when the original Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, was said to have lived, and Buddhism itself was a new religion. They continue today as sacred objects of worship. Relics that are as old as Buddhism itself are said to exist and still be wo rshipped. Although the idea of relics may seem contradictory to many of Buddhist beliefs, they actually do resonate with many ideals of Buddhist teachings and practices. To see whether relicsRead MoreBuddhism : The Philosophy Of Buddhism1198 Words   |  5 Pagesnever be one true answer. The theory I mostly identify with is the philosophy of Buddhism, its teachings, and the importance of meditation. Some people would argue that Buddhism is a religion not a philosophy, and vice versa, but nonetheless the Buddha has an idea of self in our current life. Buddhism teaches us that life is, and full of suffering and that nothing in life is eternal. The ultimate goal of Buddhism is Nirvana, which means liberation from the constant cycle of life and death, andRead MoreThe Teachings Of Buddhism And Buddhism939 Words   |  4 Pagesfamous religion icon of all time the Buddhism. Many people became followers of this very wise man we know as the Buddha. Buddhism is based on the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha, who was born in the Ganges River Valley, the foot of the Himalayas. The Buddha led people in meditation and enlightenment to the next level. Philosophers such as Santideva and Thich Nhat Hanh, have led the life to follow the Buddhism ways and live their day to day life off of it. Buddhism gave them the enlightenment toRead MoreThe Religion Of Buddhism And Buddhism1730 Words   |  7 Pageslife. The religion of Buddhism is one of these that had this effect when it began to spread from India where it originated, to many Asian countries especially China where it would have the biggest impact. In China, Buddhism would take root and would grow to become a popular religion in the country much like the other major religions of China, Confucianism and Taoism, which together with Buddhism would later be known as the â€Å"Three Teachings†. Additionally, at some point Buddhism would began to loseRead MoreReligion Of Buddhism : Buddhism963 Words   |  4 Pagesinterested in the religion of Buddhism. After I watched Oprah Winfrey’s television series, Belief Buddhism has become something I wished to look into on a deeper level. Therefore, On October 9, 2016, I visited Wesleyan college East Asian studies facilities to participate in their Sunday meeting of Practice and Talk. During this hour and a half meeting, individuals who are exploring Buddhism wil l learn the surface practice of Buddhism more specifically shin Buddhism. Shin Buddhism or the teachings of ShinranRead MoreBuddhism, Buddhism And The World Essay1999 Words   |  8 PagesBuddhism is the fourth largest religion in the world, with more than 5 million believers in the world. Buddhism is a kind of religion and law that contains various traditions, beliefs, and spiritual practices. Buddhism from India, between the sixth and fourth centuries BC, and gradually spread to Asia. Although Buddhism originated in India, China has many believers in the dissemination and contribution. Chinese Buddhism began in the Han Dynasty and became the most powerful in the Tang Dynasty. WithRead MoreBuddhism : The Popularity Of Buddhism1306 Words   |  6 PagesBuddhism Culture in China Instructor Dr. Jack Name: Zhoudongxue Zhang Student #: 100311725 Date: 26/11/2015 The Popularity of Buddhism in China Buddhism is one of the most popular religions in the world. The Pew Research Center reports that nearly 488 million people practice Buddhism, which represents 7% to 8% of the world’s entire population. Buddhism is mainly practiced in the Asia-Pacific region with approximately 481,290,000 Buddhists, which means 99% of Buddhists live in Asia-Pacific

Friday, December 20, 2019

The Ex Basketball Player by John Updike Essay - 597 Words

The Ex Basketball Player by John Updike A Loss of Motivation In English Seven we read a poem called the Ex Basketball Player by John Updike. The main characters name was Flick Webb. The poem explains how Flick lost motivation. In high school Flick was an excellent basketball player, if not, the best. After high school Flick didnt continue his basketball skills, and he never had tried as hard on his academics as he did on basketball. Flick now works at Berths Garage and has a dead end life. I think that Flick gave up because he didnt want to work at something that didnt come easily, such as academics. I enjoyed this poem because it makes you think, I will now tell of a time when I lost motivation. In fourth†¦show more content†¦I am not as flexible as I once was. I cant do the splits which was my ultimate goal. I can still do some of the tricks. Form my decision I learned not to give up so easily. LOSING MOTIVATION Two weeks ago our seventh grade English teacher gave out class a poem to read called Ex- Basketball Player by John Updike. The poem was about a young man named Flick Webb who played basketball in high school and was very good. After Flick finished high school, he lost motivation and quit playing. Instead of using his talents to get a good career he ended up working at Berths Garage. I think Flick quit playing because he did poorly in school sense he spend most of his time p laying basketball. At this point I would like to share my story of how I lost motivation and quit what I learned from my experience. I was in the third grade and my friends convinced me to join Girl Scouts. I thought it was fun for a while, but then it got boring and I lost motivation. In a couple of months I started to dread going to the meetings so I talked with my mom about it. I told her I didnt think it was fun anymore because I lost interest in the things we talked about and did. There were some good things about it, like spending time with my friends and learning things about myself. However, I figured I could do those things at school. My mom had told me I could quit if I wanted to, so I did. At first I thought it was good that I quit, and I was happy. Later though IShow MoreRelatedEx-Basketball Player by John Updike Essay1044 Words   |  5 Pagesof the basketball team? He still holds most of the records for the team. He scored more points than anyone else in the school’s history. He never studied much because he was an athlete. His basketball skills were going to take him places. But high school ended and there are no more games to be played. Where is that former all-star now? In his poem â€Å"Ex-Basketball Player,† John Updike examines the life of a former high school basketball star. Flick Webb was a local hero, and he loved basketball. He neverRead MoreJohn Updikes Poem Ex-Basketball Player1225 Words   |  5 Pages Ex-Basketball Player Most everyone has had an extraordinary dream; for some, it is to be a movie star or to be on a professional sports team. Nevertheless, while great goals they are, they are not likely. For example, about 1 and 70,000 people become a major movie star (study.com). Additionally, the likelihood of entering the NBA from high school is 3 and 100,000 (ehow.com). Therefore, the great majority are obligated to find something else to pursue. As a result of peoples dreamsRead MoreAn Acclaimed And Award-Winning Writer Of Fiction, Essays,1141 Words   |  5 Pagesessays, and reviews, John Updike also wrote poetry for most of his life. Born and raised in Shillington, Pennsylvania in 1932-died on January 27, 2009. Luckily, he was accepted to Harvard College and graduated in 1954. This is what turned his life around. After school was done, he worked for a few years on the staff of The New Yorker. When his writing abilities were finally noticed, he got the idea to start writing poetry and short stori es. One poem he wrote was â€Å"Ex basketball player† its about an excellentRead MoreAn Analysis Of John Updikes Ex Basketball Player1216 Words   |  5 Pagesabout 0.03% of high school basketball players get drafted out by an NBA team. 0.03% is such a little percentage that it is the same chance of someone getting four of a kind in a first round of poker (www.norwichcsd.org/Downloads/ ProSportsOdds.doc). With this striking percentage it is amazing to think so many young players hope to make it to the pros. In the end, regret and defeat are much too common, a theme that John Updike features in his poem, â€Å"Ex Basketball Player†. The poems persona, FlickRead MoreStar Basketball Player By John Updike1026 Words   |  5 PagesIn the poem Ex-Basketball Player, John Updike recounts the timeline of a once great basketball player named Flick Webb. The journey starts with a description of Flick’s hometown, then shares details about his current job, next it reflects on his high school basketball success, and finishes with his habits outside of work. In the first stanza, the poet is describing the town where Flick lives. Updike references trolley tracks which would imply an early 20th century setting. He also calls out the nameRead MoreDownfall Of A Star By John Updike965 Words   |  4 PagesDownfall Of A Star In John Updike’s poem, â€Å"Ex-Basketball Player,† Updike, an American novelist and poet born in 1932, best known for his â€Å"Rabbit† series, tells the story of an American tragedy when he describes the life of Flick Webb, a once high-school basketball star turned gas attendant. This poem is narrated by an unknown voice, but sounds like a local who knew of Webb’s significance in high school. Webb went from a successful high-school basketball star to a gas station attendant. Updike’sRead More Ex – Basketball Player Essay1084 Words   |  5 PagesIn the poem, â€Å"Ex – Basketball Player† by john Updike, (which is a narrative poem) illustrates the nature of life on how life is potentially is seen has a mirror to other people’s life, especially people who play sports. Life is the physical and mental experience of an individual. An in the poem the main character Flick, supply the poem with a good example of how life is p otentially a mirror for other people. This poem is formally organized, even though it locks some qualities, it still haves theRead MoreLiterary Review of Rabbit Run by John Updike Essays3013 Words   |  13 PagesLiterary Review of Rabbit Run by John Updike John Updikes novel, Rabbit, Run, is about a man named Harry â€Å"Rabbit† Angstrom. Rabbit is a brainless guy whose career as a high school basketball star peaked at age 18. In his wifes view, he was, before their early, hasty marriage, already drifting downhill. We meet him for the first time in this novel, when he is 22, and a salesman in the local department store. Married to the second best sweetheart of his high school years, he is the father

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Vehicle Congestion Control-Free-Sample for Students-Myassignment

Question: Using an Internet search explore an internet of thing project currently underway or already in place provide a detail account of the issue it respond to and outline its key features. Answer: Introduction Controlling and monitoring vehicle traffic is one most demanding issues faced by the road transport. The efficiency of the traffic is improved by the ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) by the help of vehicle based IoT System. In an Internet like structure network, things that are physical can be represented virtually. The physical objects of network are achieved through Internet which is implemented with exclusive identifiers and a capacity to translate data over network without demanding data entry manually (Gubbi et al., 2013). The infrastructure of IoT network along with the capability of self configuring connects different places including warehouses, logistics systems, healthcare or manufacturing facilities and energy grids. IoT offers devices and system connectivity in advance stage, and the services that are above M2M communications envelops a collection of applications, protocols and domains. This paper elaborates a new way to manage the traffic congestion and gives deta ils about the current status of the traffic. ITS is one of the biggest application of the IoT. Rapid increase in the number of vehicles leads to traffic congestion on roads. Solution with features The system of monitoring vehicle congestion is used to measure the traffic density in real time. Controlling the traffic and weather conditions are controlled by dynamic management of the signals. For an instance if a vehicle travels from a source to a destination, the driver will have to login in the application with their personal email ids and passwords and then the driver will able to get the real time traffic for the way they are travelling. If there is any heavy congestion along the shortest route, then he can take a different way to reach his destination without heavy traffic. The efficiency of the congestion on road increases in this way. The person logged in can also view the weather condition of the places he is travelling through and can also view the pollution of the area. The sensor used in this vehicle congestion application is transducer and the main purpose of this transducer is to sense the characteristic of the environment (Barfield Dingus, 2014). The changes in th e environment or change in quantities are all detected by this and corresponding solutions are given accordingly. Generally the output will be as an optical signal or in the form of electrical signal. The sensor in the system is basically a pair of photo transistor and an IR Led. It is also known as photo coupler or opto coupler. An infrared radiation is emitted through the IR LED, the intensity of the reception is also emitted by IR Led from which the photo transistor shows the output of sensor. It helps to count the number of cars and vehicle son the road crossing the signals (Mallik, 2014). The array of sensor is a group of sensors, which are expanded in certain geometric ways. It is also used to collect the acoustic signals or the electromagnetic signals. The processing of such signals is also done by the sensor array. The sensor that are used in this RFID based IoT are mainly the gas sensor or the temperature sensor. Diagram on working process of Vehicle Congestion Control of IoT Fig: Working process of Traffic Congestion Working process The above diagram shows the overall methods that occur in the system. The system is mainly divided into two modules (Chang et al., 2013). The hardware module consists of the android mobile phone, sensor, Bluetooth controller, Micro controller and the software module consists of database, data mining techniques and web server (Kshirsagar et al., 2017). The information is gathered by the micro controller and the data it receives are transferred to the android mobile through the Bluetooth. All the collected information is then send via internet to server and store the data in the database. The mining operations are all done by two algorithms- Nave Bayes and KNN algorithms. According to the density of the traffic the traffic signals are measured (Ou, Zhang Wang, 2016). The user have to login to android application when he wants to get the data regarding the real time traffic or the condition of the weather r the state of pollution in that area. The app will then send a request to the we b server for the requirement of the user (Hsu et al., 2015). The result will then send back to the user by the server and the person will be able to see the traffic data, pollution, condition of traffic and density of traffic. Advantages The advantages of the Vehicle congestion control based on IoT are It helps to detect the congestion of traffic in advance. If there is more congestion on the road, an alternative route is shown on the map. The pollution status of the area can also be detected. It helps to get the weather condition of the area. Reduces cost compared to other similar devices Disadvantages The disadvantages of using the system are as follows There should always be a high speed internet to connect to the server. System cannot get run without an android device. By chance failure of system leads to total congestion. Conclusion The need of ITS is very essential for the traffic congestion control. In this paper, the way hoe the traffic congestion and the weather conditions are controlled are described elaborately. This system consists of an android client and a server. The android device is used for displaying and reporting the traffic related conditions. It also consists of data analysis and data management and system administrators. This helps the driver in safe and easy driving. References Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S., Palaniswami, M. (2013). Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions.Future generation computer systems,29(7), 1645-1660. Barfield, W., Dingus, T. A. (2014).Human factors in intelligent transportation systems. Psychology Press. Mallik, S. (2014). Intelligent Transportation System.International Journal of Civil Engineering Research,5(4), 367-372. Chang, X., Chen, B. Y., Li, Q., Cui, X., Tang, L., Liu, C. (2013). Estimating real-time traffic carbon dioxide emissions based on intelligent transportation system technologies.IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems,14(1), 469-479. Kshirsagar, S. P., Mantala, P. H., Parjane, G. D., Teke, K. G. (2017). Intelligent Traffic Management based on IoT.International Journal of Computer Applications,157(2). Ou, H., Zhang, J., Wang, Y. (2016). Development of Intelligent Traffic Control System based on Internet of Things and FPGA Technology in PROTEUS.traffic,20, 2. Hsu, C. Y., Yang, C. S., Yu, L. C., Lin, C. F., Yao, H. H., Chen, D. Y., ... Chang, P. C. (2015). Development of a cloud-based service framework for energy conservation in a sustainable intelligent transportation system.International Journal of Production Economics,164, 454-461.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Organization Development and Change Behavior Management

Question: Discuss about the Organization Development and Change Behavior Management. Answer: Introduction: Human resource management is all about developing and enhancing skills of employees so as to make them more beneficial to an organization (Cummings Worley, 2014). Human resource management theories deal with employee management practices (Uwaubuka, 2016). This paper shall cover Human Resource Management procedural system within an organizational content concerning evidence-based resource management. Evidence-Based Human Resource Management Evidence-based human resource management is an approach whereby available information evidence relevant to the human resource are used in making policies, decisions, interventions and setting organizational strategies (Gerrish Clayton, 2013). The most appropriate method of adopting evidence-based practice is through the identification of practical human resource strategies and interventions that are likely to produce or help an organization to achieve its desired goals. Quality evidenced human resource management does not ignore historical information concerning work but uses it to develop current evidence. Besides, evidence should include data and Evidence-Based Human Resource Practice (EBHRP) (Colbert, 2014). The relevance of evidence-based human resource management in human resource practice is diverse. First, the evidence-based human resource enhances decision making in organizations thus enabling organization staffs to achieve the desired goals (Scott Davis, 2014)Secondly; human resource practice presents a group to use available evidence in determining best organization practice through making a comparison on the approach that may or may not works well. Thirdly, evidence-based practice enhances accountability and transparency in the human resource practice as it provides detailed information on statistics, data and analytics that exists within an organization thus promoting effective decision making on risk management interventions. Written Internet Sources Relevant To Israel Tobin in Persuading Mark French on Strategic Value of Human Resource Function in CERA Israel Tobin persuasion of Mark French in CERA is about the relocation announcement of CERA to Bathurst ("ASSESSMENT 3B- ROLE PLAY 2 ,it is now two months since the relocation of CERA to Bathurst was announced. A new headquarters in Bathurst has been. (Public sotissiaalt institution,2017). Mark French is the leader of resettlement arrangements and is being supported by Israel Tobin and other managers. The relocation announcements have raised concerns among officers in CERA competitors, and they are thus prepared to recruit staffs. Fortunately, the CERA team is still united and willing to relocate. However, the management team has classified their staffing position into three; those willing, those unwilling and those undecided to move. The strategic value of Human resource management in CERA is therefore to conduct qualitative evidenced human resource historical and contemporary information about CERA. Another strategic value of the Human resource is to provide people with an analyzed information, data, and statistics relevant to employment conditions in CERA organizations. Qualitative Evidenced Human Resource Historical And Contemporary Information Human Resource Managers play a role of researching on possible information relating to employee work conditions (2017). Past historical information regarding an organization also helps managers in making decisions on appropriate strategies that can be applied in an organization (Pettigrew, 2014). For instance, through conducting statistical, analytical and data information of an organization management process, human resource managers can develop best training methods, recruitment interventions and communication techniques within an organization. Provide Employees with an Analyzed Information, Data and Statistics Relevant to Employment is a human resource strategic management strategy that is based on enhancing industrial relations within an organization. Analyzed information on an organization success will strengthen relationships among employees (Boxall et al. 2017). Data and statistical analysis will equip employees with appropriate decisions that will influence and influence decision making patterns. Using CRAP Test in Evaluating Evidence-Based Human Resource Management Academic Journal Sources The first journal source that has been used for research on the evidence-based human resource management is known for promoting evidence-based practice in an organizational support. The journal may be said to be current as it was written in the year 2013 by Gerrish. K and Clayton. J. The information contained in the journal is more appropriate for the topic of study as the authors capture their focus on human resource management issue. One of the themes that have been caught on this journal is on evidence-based human resource management whereby the authors explain the meaning of evidence-based human resource management. Ii believes that this information is important and more significant to areas of study as it prepares the reader's attention in the authors area of discussion. Prior preparation enhances better understanding and flow of subject on discussion statements. The journal article is authoritative as the authors Gerrish and Clayton uses various sources and research from other authors to develop their research. The article journal has been reviewed Academy of managements. Nevertheless, the author of the journal tends to focus more evidence-based practices and focus so little on challenges and solutions to evidence-based practice in organizational support content. The purpose of the author in this journal is to help managers, employers and employees understand on how human resource management practices can determine and organization success and on appropriate human resource management practices. The second journal article used for the evaluation of evidence-based human resource management practice is a complex resource based view. The book majorly focuses on the implications of human resource management theories and practices that can be used in strategic human resource management. The book was written in the year 2014 by Colbert, B.A in the as it was written less than five years ago when the year 2014. The book is more current as it was written less than five years ago when developments in technology had begun improving. The author of the book addresses on the information relevant to the impacts of evidence-based human resource planning. According to the author human resource argument on the journal, evidence-based human resource practice is an appropriate approach that should be adopted by all human resource managers within an organization. Evidence-based human resource practice is a constant practice as it has a close relation with human resource evidence management pract ices. This journal article is authoritative as the author's research is based on human resource management from a nursing perspective. The only limitation that this source has is that the author assumes researching on human resource management practices in other areas of concern and focuses only on nursing. The purpose of the author in this journal is to help the readers understand how they can best utilize human resource management practice by using an evidence human resource management practice. Conclusion The nature of information used in informing practice should have the following traits. First, it must be flexible enough to stand the test of time; this implies that the nature of information used to inform practice should be flexible for change whenever there is a new development. Secondly, the quality of information used to inform practice should be more elaborate and informative. The information should be guided by simple terms that can easily be understood by employees. Besides, the information should be informative. This means that people should be able to benefit and learn from the nature of the information provided. Lastly, the nature of information should be based on a creative approach rather than a personal gain approach. Using innovative approach in informing practice is a more contemporary module of enhancing organizational. Behavior, this is because creative approach enhances effective decision making (Crossan et al, 2016). References ASSESSMENT 3B- ROLE PLAY 2 it is now two months since the relocation of CERA to Bathurst was announced. A new headquarters in Bathurst has been.... (2017). Coursehero.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017, from https://www.coursehero.com/tutors-problems/Human-Resource-Management/9431166 Boxall, P., Purcell, J., Wright, P. (2017). Human Resource Management. Retrieved 22 March 2017, Colbert, B. A. (2014). The complex resource-based view: Implications for theory and practice in strategic human resource management. Academy of Management Review, 29(3), 341-358. Crossan, M, Byrne, A., Seijts, et al.(2016). Toward a framework of leader character in organizations. Journal of Management Studies Cummings, T. G., Worley, C. G. (2014). Organization development and change. Cengage learning Gerrish, K., Clayton, J. (2013). Promoting evidence?based practice: an organizational approach. Journal of nursing management, 12(2), 114-123 Pettigrew, A. M. (2014). The politics of organizational decision-making. Routledge Public sotissiaalt institution (2017). Retrieved 22 March 2017, from https://www.ttu.ee/public/s/sotsiaalteaduskond/Instituudid/avaliku_halduse/Jarvalt_thesis_final.pdf